The motto of the Olympic Games is “Citius, Altius, Fortius.”, which is Latin for “Swifter, Higher, Stronger”
The 5 rings of the Olympic flag represent Africa, Asia, Australia, Europe, and the Americas, they are linked together in friendship. Every national flag of the world has at least one of the rings colors, blue, black, green, yellow, and red.
London, United Kingdom, hosted the Summer Olympics in 1908, 1948, and 2012, making London the only city to host the event on three occasions.
The Modern Olympic Games are based on the Olympic Games of Ancient Greece, which were held every four years, in honor of the Greek God Zeus. Records show the Ancient Olympic Games began in 776 BC in Olympia.
The Ancient Olympic Games consisted of only one race, the “stade” race, which was the length of the stadium and between 180 and 240 metres long (we don’t know for sure). Over the years more running races and other events were added, including boxing, wrestling, chariot racing, long jump, javelin and discus throwing. Athletes competed in the nude.
The prize for event winners in the Ancient Olympics was an olive branch wreath.
The first modern Olympic Games were held in Athens in 1896.
Women first competed at the 1900 Olympics in Paris. Twenty-two out of 997 athletes were female and they competed in tennis, sailing, croquet, equestrianism and golf.
Due to the two World Wars there were no Olympic Games in 1916, 1940 or 1944.
The 2016 Olympics are the first held in South America. Africa is now the only continent never to host the Games.
The Rio Olympics will see about 10,500 athletes compete from 206 countries around the world.
At the end of the Games in Rio, 306 gold medals will have been distributed in 42 sports.