How does anyone ever learn to speak English?

I’m interested in the peculiarities of the English language and how difficult it must be for foreigners to learn English.

Did you realise that the word ‘Australia’ contains three A’s, and that all of them are pronounced differently? Continue reading


Do you understand me?


While procrastinating again, (will I ever stop this unpleasant habit?) I was browsing a popular UK newspaper site online, and found an interesting piece about common sayings in the English language that foreigners find hard to understand.

Read more:

If you’ve got sweet Fanny Adams to do and it’s brass monkeys outside, you might just go doolally. But while most of us would know that means we’re going mad because we have nothing to do and it’s freezing cold, linguistics experts in Switzerland have identified these three sayings as among the most baffling in the English language.

Here are their top ten most baffling sayings. How many do you know?

1. Bob’s your Uncle
Meaning: To achieve something with great ease.
Origin: In 1886 Prime Minister Robert Gascoyne-Cecil (Lord Salisbury) made Arthur Balfour Chief Secretary of Ireland, to the surprise of observers at the time. Arthur Balfour was ‘Bob’s’ nephew.

Fly by the seat of your pants
Meaning: To do something without a clear plan, to improvise.
Origin: A 1938 headline describing Douglas Corrigan’s 29-hour flight from Brooklyn to Dublin. Corrigan had filed for a transatlantic flight two days earlier but was rejected because his plane was considered unfit. On landing, he claimed his compass had broken.

Skeleton in the cupboard
Meaning: Something embarrassing to hide.
Origin: Until the 1830s it was illegal to dissect human bodies, so medical schools and doctors had to buy them from grave-robbers and hide them in case of raids. William Thackeray, writer of Vanity Fair, used the phrase for the first time in print in 1845.

Bite the bullet
Meaning: To have to do something very unpleasant.
Origin: Soldiers operated on without anaesthetic bit bullets to help with the pain.

Mad as a hatter
Meaning: To be completely insane.
Origin: In the 18th and 19th centuries mercury was used by hat makers, who were poisoned by the chemical.


Eat Humble Pie
Meaning: To submit to something below one’s dignity, to admit error.
Origin: Umbles, from Middle English, comes from Old French nombles meaning loin. It refers to offal, a meal for the poor.

It’s brass monkeys outside
Meaning: Freezing cold weather.
Origin: ‘Cold enough to freeze the balls off a brass monkey’. A ship’s cannon balls used to be stacked on a brass structure called a ‘monkey’ – the brass would contract in cold weather and the cannon balls would fall off.

Go doolally
Meaning: To go mad.
Origin: After the Indian garrison town of Deolali where British soldiers waited, sometimes for months, to be taken back to Britain after their tour of duty. There was nothing to do and many may have been suffering from post-traumatic stress disorder.

Sweet Fanny Adams
Meaning: Emphatically nothing at all.
Origin: Fanny Adams was the eight-year-old victim of a murder in 1867. Her body was cut into pieces and thrown into the River Wey in Surrey. A ballad about the killing referred to her as ‘sweet’ and it later became a term in British Naval slang – or jackspeak – to refer to an unpalatable stew.

10  Haven’t seen you in donkey’s years
Meaning: In a long time.
Origin: Donkeys’ longevity – some die in their 60s. Or Cockney rhyming slang, ‘donkey’s ears’ meaning years.

Cockney rhyming slang!  Now there’s another great topic……..